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Scope of Agriculture and animal production courses

Scope of Agriculture and animal production course:-

  • Crop planning for stability in production
  • Crop management
  • Crop Monitoring
  • Research in crop –climate relationship
  • Climate extremities
  • Climate as a tool to diagnose soil moisture stress
  • Livestock production

Read: Scope of Agriculture and animal production courses?

Without agriculture, we would not been able to enjoy good food as we enjoy today. Agriculture in India has been transferred for generations and practiced around 3000-3500 years. There were various forms of organic farming practiced earlier to the period of independence. After Independence, India made immense progress in the food grain production. It contributes 25% of GDP, provides 50% of employment, sustains 69% of population produces all the food and nutritional requirements of the nation and important raw materials for some major industries, and accounts for about 14% of exports.

With its 8,000 Km coastline and a vast network inland water bodies, India is the fourth largest producer of fish and the biggest inland fish producer. And of the 8 million people employed by the sector, less than 0.01% is professionally qualified. The field thus has tremendous potential
Course overview: Includes study of oceanography, ecology, biology, economics and management in the functioning of fisheries

Job opportunities: The government and state governments have positions like Assistant Fisheries Development Officers (AFDO) and Fisheries Extension Officers (FEO), amongst others. Careers are also possible with Maine Product Export Development Authority (MPEDA), Fisheries Survey of India (FSI), NIO, WHO, FAO, NACA, NABARD, EIA. Banks recruit domain experts in loan disbursement departments. Candidates can work as managers or officers in seafood processing and export units, aqua feed plants, fishing gear industries and in pharmaceutical companies in the private sector
Veterinary Science is an area of study that has enamoured many. In fact, many consider the option of becoming Veterinary Scientists because of the love for the discipline.

To practice as a veterinarian, it is essential to have a Bachelor's degree in Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc) and to be eligible for the Bachelor's in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc and AH) course, a candidate should have passed the Standard 12 examination (Pre-University) with science subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

The duration of the B.V.Sc and AH varies from four-and-a-half years to five years, including the period of internship. The first four years is devoted to imparting skills through theoretical and practical training in various disciplines such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, nutrition, livestock management and production, production technology, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, genetics and breeding, gynaecology, surgery, medicine and animal husbandry extension, among others and the fifth year is devoted to hands-on training, of which six months is through internship. Besides this, training is also provided in dairying and poultry sciences.

On completion of the B.V.Sc and AH, most of the learners go on to pursue the post-graduate programme, viz., Master in Veterinary Science. The M.V.Sc is a two-year course and the candidate has the option of specialising in medicine, surgery, anatomy, bacteriology, biochemistry, cardiology, dermatology, microbiology, molecular biology, anaesthesia, gynaecology, pathology, toxicology, virology pharmacology, etc.
For jobs in the research and teaching areas, a post-graduate degree in veterinary science and animal husbandry is a minimum qualification, while a Ph.D. is preferred. The career options in the field are:

  • Hospitals: Veterinary surgeons attached to veterinary hospitals in cities may also find themselves handling mainly domestic animals or pets. But Government postings could be in rural areas where responsibilities extend to cattle, sheep, goats, horses, poultry, etc.
  • Private Practice: Veterinary doctors in urban areas can set up private practice to deal mainly with small or domestic animals. This can be quite profitable, especially in big cities, but tends to get restricted to canine and feline pets.
  • Extension Offices: Veterinary doctors are required for extension programmes at the block level, i.e., they educate and encourage livestock farmers to build up the quality of animal stock. They also advise on animal farm management and animal health problems.
  • Dairy Sector: The dairy industry employs a large number of veterinary doctors who work for increased yields in milk production and the health and breeding of dairy cattle.
  • Poultry Farms: Veterinarians work in poultry farms to maintain the health of poultry birds and to develop strains with high egg productivity, as well as poultry for table consumption.

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